Styles, Elements, and Principles of Floral Design.

For this series, we will go over the basic aspects of crafting floral arrangements. We’ll also dive into the details of designing and assembling flower arrangements.

In Part 1, we talked about the know-how in processing, storing, and maintaining flowers. In Part 2, we went into the common flowers and plants used for decor. We also covered how-tos in crafting beautiful arrangements in an effective way.

Here in Part 3, we’ll put together everything we learned into a simple and practical guide. We’ll examine the origins of floral design all the way to more modern forms today. As budding florists, you’ll get everything you need to know right here!

Interested in programs on designing floral arrangements? We recommend schools like the American Institute of Floral Designers ( We also encourage you to check out the Society of American Florists (

Three Primary Styles of Floral Design.

Several styles of floral design came about from distinct cultures around the world. A lot of florists continue to practice these traditions in fresh and relevant ways.

The first main style of floral design is the Oriental style. It focuses on the lines of the arrangement. It pursues harmony and balance in blending flowers and foliage.

Next is the traditional or Western style. It emphasizes the look and use of flowers as a whole. It tends towards uneven compositions that still spark rhythm and creativity.

Coming in last is the modern floral style. It ensued as a blend of Eastern and Western styles. It draws from the form and lines of the Oriental style. But it also allows florists to manifest their creative talent through unique design.

Elements and Principles of Floral Design.

As florists, we have our choice styles. Our customers also have varied tastes and needs. But for every arrangement, each florist needs to feature a few basic elements. Through this, you can craft top-notch bouquets that still match your client’s demands.

Here is the lineup of important factors to remember:.


Every design starts with developing a visual and theme. Are you going for a chic finish or a rustic appeal? Should your bouquet have a flashy look or a muted one? It is crucial to consider these questions before building your arrangement.

Proportion and Scale.

These two elements come hand in hand when you plan floral arrangements. They’re especially effective when you prep for large parties and venues.

Proportion refers to the relationship between the sizes of pieces in your design. This includes your flowers, plants, and vases.

Scale refers to the location of your flowers in the desired space. For example, will your arrangement act as a centerpiece for a table or decor for the entire venue? This will help you see if your design fits the space where you set it.


This principle focuses on the form and composition of your floral design. Whatever your desired style is, every arrangement must have a sense of balance.

To achieve this, your bouquet should have an element of matching color, texture, or weight on each side. Flowers and accessories need to balance each other well in creative ways.


This element brings life to your design! It creates flow and movement that grabs attention. It’s all about aligning flowers based on their shape and form. Through this, it pulls the eye to the center of the design all the way to its edges.


Main flowers are the stars of your show! They serve as the heart of your design. This is where accents and foliage seem to rise from, creating a breathtaking illusion.

This principle is all about bringing focus to your main flowers. You can create emphasis by contrasting colors and kinds of flowers. This means you select accents and foliage to complement the main blossoms!

Harmony and Unity.

Every floral design needs to be relevant to the event and motif. It must ensure a harmonious blend of different colors. It also needs to look unified with its vessel and placement.

For a more in-depth guide on the use of color and design in floristry, see our next article!

Photo by Anna Cicognani on Unsplash