Why Bloom Care Makes All The Difference
There’s nothing like a bouquet of flowers to brighten your mood and spruce up your home! Plus, it’s also among the most special and heartfelt gifts we can receive on special occasions.
Sadly, we all know that flowers don’t last forever. But with a little effort and a lot of TLC, you can keep your beloved blossoms fresh and blooming for longer!
We’ve provided a simple guideline to help you preserve your beloved flowers’ vibrance for a long time. Enjoy your lovely bouquet to the fullest by following these easy steps!
If you’re interested in a formal course or want to get certified as an expert on all things about flowers, we recommend looking into professional bodies and colleges in gardening and floristry such as the American Institute of Floral Designers of the AIFD, the American Floral Endowment, and other similar organizations offering programs specializing in floristry.
Clean your vase
Containers accumulate a lot of dust and debris that can make your water cloudy and affect your flowers. Even if your vase is newly-bought, make sure to wash it for safety.
Cleaning your vase is actually easy and inexpensive – you’ll have all you need right at home! Just wash with warm water, a lid of bleach, and let it dry.
Another DIY cleaning solution is a salt and vinegar paste. Simply mix a tablespoon of salt with a tablespoon of vinegar, apply the mixture to your vase with a clean cloth or brush, and let it set for half an hour. Afterwards, wipe it off until all residue is removed, rinse out with warm water, and let dry.
Add flower food
Yep, you read it right: cut flowers need food, too! It enables them to blossom in full health and helps ward off infections that can reduce their lifespan.
Flower food has three components: 1) citric acid, which balances the pH level of water for optimum health; 2) sugar, which boosts their energy; and 3) bleach, which controls fungi and bacterial growth.
Your local nursery or online stores may have flower food packets readily available. But if you prefer to make your own at home, the recipe is easy to follow! All you need is 1 quart of water, 1 tablespoon of sugar, 1/2 teaspoon of bleach, and 2 tablespoons of lemon juice.
There are also lots of alternatives to this recipe! Clear soda, apple cider vinegar, and even vodka have been proven to be successful at nourishing flowers.
Leaves and foliage that are left on the stems and soaked in water will rot rapidly, introducing bacteria to your flowers which can lead to disease and infection.
So it’s a great idea to prune your flowers before placing them in your vase and see to it that there are no leaves below the waterline.
One of the best tips for keeping flowers fresh is to cut their stems! This technique creates a larger opening at the bottom of the stem, allowing your blooms to take in more water and delay wilting.
Simply cut an inch from the stems at a 45-degree angle. It’s important to be very careful, though! Bad cutting techniques can easily result in crushed stems which keep your flowers from absorbing water
To prevent this, avoid using dull scissors or blades. Use a sharp knife or sharp shears instead for a guaranteed smooth and clean cut.
Place in water.
All flowers need water to flourish, but different blooms have different demands! Before you put them in water, research their specific water requirements.
Blooms with woody and semi-woody stems like roses, mimosas, lilies, chrysanthemums, and carnations tend to drink a lot. Put them in warm water filled up to about 2/3 of your vase.
Soft-stemmed blooms like anemones, freesias, and ranunculuses prefer shallow water. You can set them in warm water filled to only 1/2 of your vase.
Flowers with bulbous stems like daffodils, hyacinths, and tulips enjoy a bit of a chill, so place them in cool water up to 1/3 of your vase.
Set in a cool area
Most flowers thrive in cooler spots away from direct sunlight. You can still place them by the windows to create a relaxing look for your home; just make sure that they’re kept away from light and that they don’t touch the glass.
If you love having flowers as a centerpiece for your dining table or kitchen, make sure you place them where there are no fruits close by. This may sound unusual, but ripening fruits actually give off small amounts of ethylene gas that cause flowers to brown and age earlier than normal.
It’s also best to keep them away from anything that releases or produces heat, such as air conditioning units, fire places, heating vents, radiators, or televisions – these can result in dehydration and early wilting.
Additional Care Tips
Change water and food
Water can collect dust and particles from your surroundings, while leaves and stems can break off your flowers and drop into your water. These elements foster an ideal environment for bacterial growth. So it’s vital to change your water every 2-3 days.
For best results, you can clean the vase before you replace the water. Also, make sure to mix in fresh flower food to top up your flowers’ nutrients!
When you cut flowers, you create a “wound” at the bottom of the stem. So flowers “mend” themselves by sealing the wound which blocks it off to water supply and drastically lessens their water intake.
This is why re-cutting stems is important! It opens up your flowers’ stems so they can take in more water; plus, it helps get rid of blockages and inhibit infections as well.
Simply cut about half an inch off the stem every three days and you’ll be sure to prolong your flowers’ lives!
Specific Care Advice For Your Favorite Flowers
Remove – Roses have “guard petals” which guard the inner buds that have not yet bloomed. Florists keep them to secure the safety of your roses while they’re being delivered, but it’s safe to get rid of them once they arrive. This also helps your roses to spend their energy on keeping newer, prettier petals fresh.
Revive – Wilting blooms can be revitalized by trimming off an inch from the bottom of the stem, then placing the roses in a bucket of water. Keep them soaking for 30-60 minutes.
Peonies (7-9 days).
Keep cool – Peonies enjoy cool environments, so some people wrap and store them in the refrigerator to keep them fresh. But putting them in a shady area in your home should be enough to keep them flourishing.
Keep apart – Avoid overcrowding your vase when you have peonies in a mixed bouquet. They’re quite delicate and flimsy, so give them ample space for their large blossoms to bloom.
No sniffing – Smelling these temptingly fragrant flowers can actually lead to early wilting! Sounds strange, but gardenias like their privacy and actually turn brown when sniffed.
Pluck – Take note of your lilies’ anthers; they’re very likely to be covered in pollen that can stain fabric on your clothing and furniture. Simply pluck the pollen off or remove the anthers with your hands.
Protect – Lilies are especially delicate flowers. Their petals tend to bruise a lot, so make sure to handle them carefully when you’re recutting stems or removing anthers.
Spray – You can keep your hydrangeas blossoming perfectly and vibrantly with a few spritzes of water to their petals every day.
Sustain – Again, these flowers just love their water! Be sure they always get a tall drink and change their water more frequently.
Take note of temperature – Tulips usually tend to be more sensitive to changes in temperature. They enjoy cooler surroundings, so if you see their blossoms start to open on a hot day, just set them in front of an air-conditioner.
Turn, turn, turn – These fast-growing blooms bend over and get knotted up a lot, so make sure to rotate their vase every day.